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Venepuncture: A step-by-step procedural guide

CPD Hours



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Clinical practice and procedures


Venepuncture is one of the most common invasive procedures performed in hospitalised patients. It is commonly performed in the community and outpatient healthcare setting.

In order to ensure patient safety and comfort, all nurses and midwives performing venepuncture must ensure proficiency in their technique. Competency is essential.

This module is one of a series of 5 on venepuncture and cannulation. The 5 modules are:

  1. Indications and vein selection
  2. Equipment selection
  3. Special considerations for paediatrics and neonates
  4. Venepuncture - A step-by-step procedural guide
  5. Cannulation - A step-by-step procedural guide

This module provides a step-by-step guide on how to perform venepuncture, common complications, and the appropriate interventions when complications do arise.


Prior to undertaking venepuncture, nurses and midwives should check local policies and access the appropriate practical training and competency assessments. Only those deemed competent should perform venepuncture.

Learning Objective

At the end of this module participants will be able to:

  • Describe the step-by-step procedure for performing venepuncture using a safety engineered evacuated tube system in adults and children.
  • Identify how the five moments of hand hygiene are applied to venepuncture procedures.
  • List the possible complications of venepuncture and understand what to do if they should arise.

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