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Intra-abdominal hypertension and pressure monitoring

CPD Hours



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Critical care and emergency nursing
Clinical practice and procedures


This module defines intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome and their parameters, discusses their complications, risk factors, and causes and explains the measurement and ongoing monitoring of intra-abdominal pressure.

Learning Objective

At the end of this module participants will be able to:

  • Define intra-abdominal pressure and normal parameters for a healthy adult and child
  • Define intra-abdominal hypertension and the ranges for grades I to IV of intra-abdominal hypertension
  • Discuss the potential complications of intra-abdominal hypertension
  • Define abdominal compartment syndrome and parameters for an adult and child
  • Discuss the potential complications of abdominal compartment syndrome
  • Outline the four categories of risk factors and causes of elevated intra-abdominal pressure
  • Explain the steps required to accurately measure intra-abdominal pressure
  • Describe the ongoing monitoring required for intra-abdominal pressure

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