Volatile substances release fumes at room temperature.
These include products such as petrol, paint, and glue.
A large number of volatile substances are readily available, affordable, and easy to use.
Misuse occurs when the fumes are deliberately inhaled to achieve intoxication.
Volatile substance use typically occurs in young adolescents engaged in short-term or occasional experimental use and marginalised young people who tend to be longer-term habitual users.
There is no safe level of volatile substance use, which can have devastating effects on the health of users.
Impacts also extend to the family and the wider community, often causing disruption disproportionate to the number of users.
There are no medications available to treat inhalant dependence, with acute management consisting largely of monitoring, supportive, and symptomatic care.
However, it is important that nurses and midwives who come in contact with at-risk groups understand the impact of volatile substance use and can recognise signs of possible substance misuse. Referral to counselling or peer support may be beneficial follow-up after an acute presentation.
At the end of this module participants will be able to: