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Diabetic ketoacidosis: An introduction

CPD Hours



Chronic diseases
Community and primary health care
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Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious and potentially life-threatening metabolic disturbance that may occur as a result of hyperglycaemia in patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. This short module provides an overview of what Diabetic ketoacidosis is, the pathophysiology of it, signs and diagnosis, and the treatment of Diabetic ketoacidosis. It briefly considers preventative measures.

The module is aimed at anyone providing nursing care to patients at risk of developing this potentially life threatening condition.

Learning Objective

At the end of this module participants will be able to:

  • Know the precipitants of Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
  • Outline the pathophysiology of DKA.
  • Identify the symptoms of DKA.
  • Outline the treatment goals for DKA.
  • Describe the measures people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may take to prevent DKA.

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