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Pressure injury and ulcers: Prevention staging and treatment

CPD Hours



Clinical practice and procedures
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The aim for all patients is the prevention of pressure ulcers. When patients develop a pressure ulcer, or are admitted to a healthcare facility with a pressure ulcer, appropriate staging and treatment interventions can prevent serious complications. Unfortunately, many people develop pressure ulcers requiring significant medical and nursing intervention. Pressure ulcers cost almost $1 billion in healthcare expenditure annually in Australia and more than 500,000 lost hospital days.

Thorough patient assessment, as well as patient advocacy and use of appropriate resources, can prevent the development of pressure injuries, improve outcomes, reduce length of stay, and healthcare costs. This module details the risk factors for skin damage, such as older age, immobility, and chronic conditions and diseases, and the signs and symptoms of skin damage and subsequent infection. It discusses current best practice guidelines for the assessment of skin and prevention of pressure ulcers. It provides an overview of the stages of pressure ulcer development and the treatment options available.

There are two other modules related to this one. They are:

  1. Pressure injury and ulcers: The anatomy of the skin
  2. Pressure injury and ulcers: Prevention and early identification of skin damage

We suggest that members complete these two modules prior to undertaking this module.

Learning Objective

At the end of this module participants will be able to:

  • Know the risk factors for developing a pressure ulcer
  • Be able to perform a risk assessment for pressure ulcers
  • Be able to implement preventative interventions based on the patient risk assessment
  • Identify the stages of pressure ulcers
  • Understand the range of treatment options available for pressure ulcers

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